scssphp v1.8.1 Documentation

SCSSPHP Library

Including

The project can be loaded through the composer generated auto-loader.

Alternatively, the entire project can be loaded through a utility file. Just include it somewhere to start using it:

require_once 'scssphp/scss.inc.php';

Compiling

In order to manually compile code from PHP you must create an instance of the Compiler class. The typical flow is to create the instance, set any compile time options, then run the compiler with the compile method.

use ScssPhp\ScssPhp\Compiler;

$compiler = new Compiler();

echo $compiler->compileString('
  $color: #abc;
  div { color: lighten($color, 20%); }
')->getCss();

compileString($scssCode, $path = null) will attempt to compile a string of SCSS code. If it succeeds, a \ScssPhp\ScssPhp\CompilationResult containing the CSS will be returned. If there is any error, a \ScssPhp\ScssPhp\Exception\SassException is thrown with an appropriate error message.

Import Paths

When you import a file using the @import directive, the import is resolved relatively to the current file. The input of compileString is considered to be in the provided path. If no path is provided, relative imports won’t be resolved. Imports paths will need to be used. In case you want to load files from other folders, there are two methods for manipulating the import path: addImportPath, and setImportPaths.

use ScssPhp\ScssPhp\Compiler;

$compiler = new Compiler();
$compiler->setImportPaths('assets/stylesheets/');

// will search for 'assets/stylesheets/mixins.scss'
echo $compiler->compileString('@import "mixins.scss";')->getCss();

Besides adding static import paths, it’s also possible to add custom import functions.

A list of the included files can be retrieved using the getIncludedFiles method of the CompilationResult. The input file is not included in this list.

Output Formatting

The output formatting can be configured using the setOutputStyle method. 2 styles are provided: \ScssPhp\ScssPhp\OutputStyle::EXPANDED and \ScssPhp\ScssPhp\OutputStyle::COMPRESSED.

Given the following SCSS:

/*! Comment */
.navigation {
    ul {
        line-height: 20px;
        color: blue;
        a {
            color: red;
        }
    }
}

.footer {
    .copyright {
        color: silver;
    }
}

The output will look like that:

OutputStyle::EXPANDED:

/*! Comment */
.navigation ul {
  line-height: 20px;
  color: blue;
}
.navigation ul a {
  color: red;
}
.footer .copyright {
  color: silver;
}

OutputStyle::COMPRESSED:

/* Comment*/.navigation ul{line-height:20px;color:blue;}.navigation ul a{color:red;}.footer .copyright{color:silver;}

Source Maps

Source Maps are useful in debugging compiled css files using browser developer tools.

To enable source maps, use the setSourceMap() and setSourceMapOptions() methods.

use ScssPhp\ScssPhp\Compiler;

$compiler = new Compiler();
$compiler->setSourceMap(Compiler::SOURCE_MAP_FILE);
$compiler->setSourceMapOptions([
    // relative or full url to the above .map file
    'sourceMapURL' => './my-style.map',

    // (optional) relative or full url to the .css file
    'sourceMapFilename' => 'my-style.css',

    // partial path (server root) removed (normalized) to create a relative url
    'sourceMapBasepath' => '/var/www/vhost',

    // (optional) prepended to 'source' field entries for relocating source files
    'sourceRoot' => '/',
]);

$result = $compiler->compileString('@import "sub.scss";');

file_put_contents('/var/www/vhost/my-style.map', $result->getSourceMap());
file_put_contents('/var/www/vhost/my-style.css', $result->getCss());

// use Compiler::SOURCE_MAP_INLINE for inline (comment-based) source maps

Extending scssphp

The Compiler supports several extension points for advanced usages. They are documented in the documentation about extension points.

Security Considerations

If your web application compiles SCSS on-the-fly, you need to handle any potential exceptions thrown by the Compiler. This is especially important in a production environment where the content may be untrusted (e.g., user uploaded) because the exception stack trace may contain sensitive data.

use ScssPhp\ScssPhp\Compiler;

try {
    $compiler = new Compiler();

    echo $compiler->compileString($content)->getCss();
} catch (\Exception $e) {
    echo '';
    syslog(LOG_ERR, 'scssphp: Unable to compile content');
}

If your web application allows for arbitrary @import paths, you should tighten the open_basedir setting at run-time to mitigate vulnerability to local file inclusion (LFI) attack.

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